In a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair surgery, small incisions are made in the lower abdomen. Then, it is filled with carbon dioxide to provide maximum visibility to the laparoscope (a specialized camera used in surgery). Next, the peritoneum (the membrane lining the internal organs) is removed to expose the inguinal cavity and the hernia. The surgeon will then carefully remove the hernia by either cutting off the herniated tissue or pushing it back into its original place. Any blood vessels and tissue that are in the way and may leak are cauterized. The surgeon will then tighten the opening to the inguinal cavity to prevent the risk of future herniation.